WHO: David Coleman Headley, formerly Daood Gilani
WHAT: A Chicago restaurant operator arrested in October on suspicion of planning terrorist attacks against the Danish newspaper that printed cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed is charged with having a role in the November 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks, which claimed the lives of 166 people, including six Americans.
HOW: Headley, 49, was charged with belonging to terrorist group Lashkar e Tayyiba and taking five trips to India to make photos and videotapes of targets attacked in the three-day Mumbai raids. He allegedly delivered his information to plotters in Pakistan and helped select the raiders’ sea landing sites.
WHY: Headley’s father was a Pakistani diplomat, and his mother was from Philadelphia. Prosecutors said he changed his name from Daood Gilani to David Headley so he could "present himself in India as an American who was neither Muslim nor Pakistani."