WHAT: Nationwide FBI raids led to charges against 73 alleged Armenian mobsters in the largest criminal fraud in Medicare history. A phantom network of nonexistent clinics filed bogus claims for some $163 million, collecting at least $35 million.
WHY: Investigations began after identification information on 2,900 Medicare patients in upstate New York was reported stolen. Identities stolen from doctors established 118 phantom clinics in 25 states that submitted fake bills for care of patients who were never seen.
HOW: Some of the phony paperwork was a giveaway, showing eye doctors doing bladder tests; ear, nose and throat specialists performing pregnancy ultrasounds; obstetricians testing for skin allergies; and dermatologists billing for heart exams.